Representative national survey of potential smart home customers.
Comparative analysis of three datasets to examine perceived benefits and dangers of clever home technologies.
Distinctive characteristics recognized of early adopters who seed marketplace increase.
Comparison of consumer perceptions with industry advertising and marketing.
Detailed policy hints to aid energy advantages of clever home technology.
Smart houses are a priority area of strategic power planning and national policy. The market adoption of clever home technologies (SHTs) is predicated on potential users perceiving clear advantages with proper ranges of danger. This paper characterises the perceived blessings and dangers of SHTs from more than one views.
A representative national survey of UK house owners (n=1025) unearths potential customers have advantageous perceptions of the more than one functionality of SHTs consisting of power management. Ceding autonomy and independence within the domestic for multiplied technological manage are the primary perceived risks. An extra survey of actual SHT users (n=forty two) collaborating in a clever home field trial identifies the important thing role of early adopters in reducing perceived SHT risks for the mass marketplace. Content analysis of SHT advertising material (n=sixty two) finds the SHT industry are insufficiently emphasising measures to construct purchaser self belief on records safety and privateness.
Policymakers can play an essential function in mitigating perceived dangers, and assisting the energy-management capability of a smart-home future. Policy measures to guide SHT market improvement encompass design and operating standards, suggestions on data and privacy, best manage, and in situ research programmes. Policy reviews with home strength performance technology and with country wide smart meter roll-outs provide beneficial precedents.
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SHTssmart home technologies
Smart homesConsumer researchEarly adopters
Smart homes are one of the EU’s 10 precedence motion regions in its Strategic Energy Technology Plan: “Create technology and services for smart houses that provide smart answers to energy purchasers”. Behind this strategic coverage goal lies “the Commission’s vision for the electricity marketplace [which] objectives to supply a brand new deal for consumers, smart homes and community, facts management and protection” (EC, 2015). A huge range of publicly-funded initiatives across the EU are designed to interact customers in this vision (Gangale et al., 2013). Underlying the EU’s strategic goals for a clever home future are clear assumptions that households are seeking for a extra energetic role inside the energy gadget. The Commission argues that “Communities and individual citizens are keen to manipulate strength consumption …” (EC, 2015, EESC, 2015). From this policy angle, smart houses are allowing technologies to fulfill a latent call for by using households for home power manipulate and management. As such smart houses are seen as an vital part of a future energy efficient machine, supporting to reduce normal demand in addition to assuaging supply constraints throughout durations of height load (Lewis, 2012, Firth et al., 2013). As in the EU, great diffusion of clever houses within the UK has already been anticipated in policy documents (DECC, 2009, HMG, 2009) and is seen as an crucial ‘building block’ of the clever grid (DECC-OFGEM, 2011). Smart domestic professionals agree that “weather trade and electricity coverage will force UK clever home marketplace improvement” (Balta-Ozkan et al., 2013a).
Smart home technology (SHTs) include sensors, monitors, interfaces, home equipment and gadgets networked collectively to enable automation as well as localised and far off control of the domestic surroundings (Cook, 2012). Controllable home equipment and gadgets include heating and hot water systems (boilers, radiators), lights, home windows, curtains, storage doors, refrigerators, TVs, and washing machines (Robles and Kim, 2010). Sensors and monitors discover environmental factors such as temperature, mild, movement, and humidity. Control functionality is furnished via software program on computing gadgets (smartphones, capsules, laptops, PCs) or thru dedicated hardware interfaces (e.G., wall-established controls). These exclusive SHTs are networked, normally wirelessly, the use of standardised communique protocols. The range of to be had SHTs method the smart domestic has many viable configurations and by means of implication, ‘smartness’ (Aldrich, 2003). In this paper, ‘smart houses’ is used as a universal descriptor for the introduction of stronger tracking and control functionality into houses.